2019.03.23 Tao Huidong Views:
EXCLUSIVE: Zhang Wei — Why No One Breaks New Ground for Air-Conditioners?
“We don’t want your money!” “I don’t have time for idiots!” ...Ever since Zhang Wei published a signed article 2019, The End of NEV Powers, he has been under fire these days. The identified NEV (New Energy Vehicle) makers and investors like He Xiaopeng (CEO of Xpeng Motors), Freeman Shen (founder of WM Motor) and Huang Mingming (founder of Future Capital), criticized Zhang Wei for his words.
In this article, which made Zhang Wei an Internet influencer, Zhang Wei pointed out sharply that none of the 100 NEV makers in China was worthy to invest. Most of them would be on the precipice of doom in 2019.
Zhang Wei reacted to these criticisms by saying that CoStone Capital had paid attention to the NEV sector for years and had so far invested over ¥6 billion ($929.065 million), touching upon the parts in the upstream, dealers in the downstream and automotive aftermarket. CoStone Capital made enormous profits from the parts sector. The enterprises it invested, for instance, Huitian Adhesive (300041.SZ), an adhesive supplier, Yodong (002406.SZ), a drive shaft supplier and Soling (002766.SZ), a car networking and CID (Car Informatic Device) supplier, had all successfully IPOed.
Although CoStone Capital has been putting mind to the NEVs makers like NIO (NYSE: NIO) and WM Motor, it has not yet hedged its bets. According to Li Xiaohong, partner of CoStone Capital, car manufacturing could not succeed by innovating business models or marketing a single product. It took time to verify the core competence of an industry.
Zhang Wei’s claim led to this major blowback. He said firmly that no a single NEVs maker in China was worthy to invest. He denied the whole race track which had attracted more than $15 billion from the top VCs and PEs like Sequoia Capital, IDG and Hillhouse Capital, and the Internet giants like Baidu and Tencent.
Zhang Wei was unconvinced about this race track. He thought no one should jump on the bandwagon in such a mature and competitive global market. Taking the air-conditioners as an example, he said, if a start-up claimed to create a great air conditioning enterprise and beat up Gree and Midea, it would never get financed. “It doesn’t mean that it will never succeed. But for venture capitals, it just doesn’t make any sense.” Zhang Wei explained.
The so-called new powers of NEVs, Zhang Wei said, were burning through cash and playing simple tricks to attract more investment. They didn’t possess any unique core technology in a mature and competitive market. They had nothing different from a new air-conditioning enterprise. Taking advantage of new concepts like new energy, self-driving and car networking, they sold themselves as innovation enterprises. Actually, they were not. They innovated as much as creating a “solar air conditioner”, but pretended to have turned zero into one, nothing into something.
He Xiaopeng, founder of Xpeng Motors, said in his WeChat Moments, the new NEV makers were only walking the same path as Geely, WEY and Tesla did in the past which had undertaken more sarcastic comments.
Geely and WEY represented Chinese private automobile makers. Tesla was the pioneer of electric cars. The NEV makers in China owed more than $15 billion investment to these ground breakers, especially Tesla. Chinese NEV makers were trying to duplicate a Chinese Tesla.
Zhang Wei didn’t agree what they said about “walking the same path”. Zhang Wei believed that the Chinese NEV makers were totally different from Tesla. Tesla was turning zero into one, yet the Chinese makers were just upgrading one to two. In other words, they were building “solar air conditioners”.
Like He Xiaopeng, Zhang Wei respected Musk’s spectacular move to establish Tesla. Musk himself invested over $50m to initiate Tesla. Zhang Wei asked, “Who can invest that such in building NEVs?”
Zhang Wei kept repeating that the NEV powers had been late for 10 years, but still used the Tesla thing to get financed. Tesla was an industrial leader after a dozen years and was able to compete with the traditional manufacturers. Now the opportunities had long gone. He believed that Tesla opened the Shanghai plant for mass production, so as to reduce its average cost on one electric car to ¥100,000 ($15,484). The domestic NEV makers would out of its leagues. “Copy to China” mode in the Internet realm could not apply to the automobile industry.
Meanwhile, Zhang Wei didn’t agree that investing NEVs was out of passion and affection. “I respect those entrepreneurs who dream of creating NEVs. However, if they really want to create new cars, they should lay their eyes on Geely, WEY, BYD or Chery QQ 20 years ago, instead of the NEV makers now.” Zhang Wei added.
Above: Excerpt of the special interview with Zhang Wei from China Venture. In the interview, Zhang Wei criticized the fraudulent innovation of Chinese NEVs makers which drew a lot of fire from many investors and NEVs manufacturers. Confronted with a flood of criticism and sarcasm, Zhang Wei insisted that he was the one who uncovered the frauds of NEVs makers. Chinese NEVs makers would soon come to an end. Please refer to the link below to view the interview in full: http://stonevc.com/news_view.aspx?TypeId=5&Id=746&Fid=t2:5:2
Rewritten by: Luo Xinying, Edited by: Du Zhixin, Li Yunzhen
The year 2019 marks the fortieth anniversary of China’s Reform &Opening-Up, once again, we meet at the turning point of history. What’s the next step for the game, is there any clear guidance? The answer is affirmative.
Our country is enjoying a good momentum of development, which does not come from the Washington Consensus nor the Beijing Consensus. China’s experience has proved that both the visible hand and the invisible hand are crucial: the visible hand, stands for the government-led reform, and would yield benefits for reform and opening up; the invisible hand, stands for the Marginal Power represented by the private sector, and would improve economic efficiency and tax collection, create jobs and employment opportunities.
Provided that we want to protect and expand the benefits form reform, three simple but mandatory agreements are to be made and followed: No.1 Private ownership must be recognized, protected and treated equally with public ownership constitutionally, both ownerships are scared and inviolable;No.2 Make further clarification of the principal position of market economy, “deepen economic system reform by centering on the decisive role of the market in allocating resources”, as President Xi addressed in the third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee;No.3 Implement the guiding principles of “comprehensively promoting law-based governance” of the fourth plenum. The rule of law is essential for economic growth, irreplaceable to protect private ownership, and necessary to encourage innovation and entrepreneurship.
Above are three rules for us to avoid falling into the Middle-income Trap. Assuming that we are breaking systematic barriers to private enterprises’ participation in market economy, and boosting innovation and entrepreneurship of our society, then we are heading towards a promoting direction. We are marching in the path of light, regardless of the ups and downs of Sino-US relationship, the drop in GDP growth rate, or the monetary policy.
These principals also apply on knowing how better to run a business: don’t be hedged by rules and regulations at the beginning, pay more attention to your survival, and you’ll learn more when you start your second business.
For many years, Huawei has been the only Chinese company on the list of the Top 50 R&D Spenders. Regardless of the economy and its income, what Huawei has been doing is investing in its future, dedicated to R&D, continuously and resolutely. This provisional work underscores Huawei’s accomplishments, making Huawei anindustry leader.
So, there are standard answers on how to run a company,which could be summarized as concentration and professional dedication, continuous investment on innovation and trying harder in R&D. Entrepreneurship is also important, every single company needs entrepreneurs to push aside all obstacles and difficulties, to implement strategies and ideas. We, as investors, are destined to look for such outstanding entrepreneurs and their companies, invest in them and partner with them.
At this key point of history, a country, a company, or asingle individual, will all need to find the right path. Four decades after the Reform and Opening-up, it’s time to learn from our experience and stop “wadding across